Chapter 3 Course Companion Part 2

Check out Mohammed Youssef’s explanation of the 5 Stages of Knowledge / Wisdom in Arabic. Provide a real life example of each, as it applies to your life.

Mohammed Youssef says that there are five stages of knowledge, with many different words. The first means just an introduction, then finding out more, learning, then reaching and knowledge, but to different degrees. Lastly the fifth means that you have fully arrived and absorbed the knowledge which means not just having knowledge but knowing how to use it.  A real life example would be learning about a new unit in school for example in biology the first step would know the name of the unit. The second level would be researching and getting a little background on the unit the basic understanding. The third and forth step would be doing a group lab the extreme basics of being able to use the knowledge gained.  Lastly the fifth step would be being able to use the knowledge or in my example conduct a lab or experiment by themselves with no outside help also being able to understand everything that goes on during the lab and why it occurs.


Make your own list of an experiential knowledge (“knowing through direct experience”) you have,

I feel that knowledge should be knowing through direct experience, then knowing how, then knowing that. These are the three different examples of knowledge that are represented by containing the least knowledge to the most. A personal experiential knowledge examples for myself would be first knowing through direct experience which would be me knowing the island of Oahu, because I know this place through my own direct experience, with all the personal familiarity that brings.

a procedural knowledge (skills; “knowing how”),

With the category of knowing how would be me knowing how to solve math problems and problems between friends because it is a common quality and skill in doing something.

and a knowledge claim (“knowing that”- tied to language)

With the knowing that category grouping statements for common quality of making a claim, for example information from my personal life like me medical number my social security number. Some current events such as politics or local news, or law given by science such as Newton’s laws of science and ect.

What type is the easiest to learn? What type tends to stick the longest?

The first one is easiest and quickest to learn because it’s basically being familiar with someone or a place rather than knowing how to do something or knowing that something.



Which ways of knowing (sense perception, language, emotion, and reasoning) are most relevant to each of the 3 categories – try to provide a specific example.

  1. The 3 kinds of knowledge are stored differently in the brain. Remember how Mr. Wearing could still play the piano?

Curate something on one of the following types of memory or at least find out what they all are:

rocedural memory,

This is a very important, simple memoey that is f certain activities or procedures that becomes automatic through repetition and practice.

working memory,

This is a system that actively holds multiple pieces of transitory information in the mind for execution of verbal and non verbal tasks.

long-term memory,

Long term memory is something that is memorized from a long time ago.

declarative memory,

Declarative memory is one of the two types of long term human memory. It also refers to memories which can be continuously reused at stated.

episodic memory,

This is a memory of autobiographical events such as time, places, associated, emotions, and knowledge that can be stated.

Pg. 108-9 Justification Types

After reading about reliable sources (experts and general consensus), memories, emotions, intuition, faith, and revelation,

describe what role these might play in the Areas of Knowledge (your subjects)…for example, how might emotion affect and artist or intuition affect a scientist?

The role these might play in the Area of Knowledge for example in my classes/ subjects is that emotionally they affect the worker. When I work on a subject for example an artist or institution affect a scientist because they are passionate about the topic and emotionally bounded to the project.


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