Computational Knowledge

Can a machine know? Can it be taught to feel? I do not believe that a machine can know and be taught to feel. Everything a computer or machine does is pre programmed or been designed to do a certain task unless it is broken or is receiving problems. For example siri on the I phone is programmed to respond as best as possible to interaction with sounds and people. Siri doesn’t actually think or feel when she responds even though we are sometimes tricked into thinking so, it is just programmed to act as a human as best as possible.

What counts as knowledge? I believe knowledge is very different between data because knowledge is being able to think of something and comprehend it, for example how it works, why it does the things it does, and the purpose. Also, to “know” someone is not to just meet someone but to know who they are and their personality and their feelings to things.

What is the difference between “data”, “information”, and “knowledge”? Data is just stating facts maybe received from research or just read off the internet but it does not know. Knowledge completely understands something how it functions and why it does so, information I believe is just facts and things that are proven from specialists and is not necessarily something people have knowledge with easily until studying ect.

What are the effects of the digital age on knowledge (creation and sharing)? The digital effects of the age on knowledge is extremely large because now we can communicate with the world so easily and learn things and complete research and share data with people around the world who are completing similar research and together they can come up with a conclusion and a theory

1. After reading choose a passage from this article and write about your thoughts or queries. The passage I chose was the one having to do with the importance of data. The article states that all the data in the world still isn’t enough on its own because it is just raw data, and most questions require do not just require plain, raw data, but a specific question and answer from it created from prior knowledge. I found this extremely important because a person can’t do anything with just data they need to be smart enough to draw conclusions and something specific to base their knowledge on. I found it very interesting how this part of the article was explained because I really agreed with it because I felt that data isn’t enough to be considered knowledge just like the article stated.

2. Facebook Analytics. Try this out and include screen shots if you like. Reflect on what insight you gained from these analytics. After completing my facebook report on Wolfram Alpha I found a lot of interesting facts and very interesting. A lot of things were pointed out to me that I didn’t realize before. It was very interesting and I feel important to know because I spend a lot of time on facebook.

3. Explore your EE topic using Wolfram Alpha- provide an example, post to blog I’m not too sure what my EE topic will be quit yet, but I’ve been doing some brainstorming and I think that I want to do a history topic based on world war two because it is a very dramatic and interesting topic to me. After researching it wolfram alpha I found a bunch of useful information and artifacts that I will use in my paper. This will be an extremely useful resource for my project.

Chapter 3 Course Companion Part 2

Check out Mohammed Youssef’s explanation of the 5 Stages of Knowledge / Wisdom in Arabic. Provide a real life example of each, as it applies to your life.

Mohammed Youssef says that there are five stages of knowledge, with many different words. The first means just an introduction, then finding out more, learning, then reaching and knowledge, but to different degrees. Lastly the fifth means that you have fully arrived and absorbed the knowledge which means not just having knowledge but knowing how to use it.  A real life example would be learning about a new unit in school for example in biology the first step would know the name of the unit. The second level would be researching and getting a little background on the unit the basic understanding. The third and forth step would be doing a group lab the extreme basics of being able to use the knowledge gained.  Lastly the fifth step would be being able to use the knowledge or in my example conduct a lab or experiment by themselves with no outside help also being able to understand everything that goes on during the lab and why it occurs.

 

Make your own list of an experiential knowledge (“knowing through direct experience”) you have,

I feel that knowledge should be knowing through direct experience, then knowing how, then knowing that. These are the three different examples of knowledge that are represented by containing the least knowledge to the most. A personal experiential knowledge examples for myself would be first knowing through direct experience which would be me knowing the island of Oahu, because I know this place through my own direct experience, with all the personal familiarity that brings.

a procedural knowledge (skills; “knowing how”),

With the category of knowing how would be me knowing how to solve math problems and problems between friends because it is a common quality and skill in doing something.

and a knowledge claim (“knowing that”- tied to language)

With the knowing that category grouping statements for common quality of making a claim, for example information from my personal life like me medical number my social security number. Some current events such as politics or local news, or law given by science such as Newton’s laws of science and ect.

What type is the easiest to learn? What type tends to stick the longest?

The first one is easiest and quickest to learn because it’s basically being familiar with someone or a place rather than knowing how to do something or knowing that something.

 

 

Which ways of knowing (sense perception, language, emotion, and reasoning) are most relevant to each of the 3 categories – try to provide a specific example.

  1. The 3 kinds of knowledge are stored differently in the brain. Remember how Mr. Wearing could still play the piano?

Curate something on one of the following types of memory or at least find out what they all are:

rocedural memory,

This is a very important, simple memoey that is f certain activities or procedures that becomes automatic through repetition and practice.

working memory,

This is a system that actively holds multiple pieces of transitory information in the mind for execution of verbal and non verbal tasks.

long-term memory,

Long term memory is something that is memorized from a long time ago.

declarative memory,

Declarative memory is one of the two types of long term human memory. It also refers to memories which can be continuously reused at stated.

episodic memory,

This is a memory of autobiographical events such as time, places, associated, emotions, and knowledge that can be stated.

Pg. 108-9 Justification Types

After reading about reliable sources (experts and general consensus), memories, emotions, intuition, faith, and revelation,

describe what role these might play in the Areas of Knowledge (your subjects)…for example, how might emotion affect and artist or intuition affect a scientist?

The role these might play in the Area of Knowledge for example in my classes/ subjects is that emotionally they affect the worker. When I work on a subject for example an artist or institution affect a scientist because they are passionate about the topic and emotionally bounded to the project.

Chapter 3 Course Companion Study Guide

  1. Out of all the possible topics or ideas regarding knowledge, what have the authors selected to give you?

The authors selected give me a great and extremely large knowledge span. I really enjoy reading literature and such which really broadens my knowledge and ideas considering knowledge. I currently read the descendants which gave me a very broadened my knowledge and gave me an understanding about the Hawaiian culture and its differences than the mainland.

  1. Out of those topics and ideas treated, what have they emphasized, and how?

The descendants emphasized how Hawaii really is as local people. It really broadens ones perspective of Hawaii, where one can learn that Hawaii isn’t always paradise with people just going to the beach all day and living life like a vacation. People get sick, have to work, and struggle to rise families as well which is very shocking to some tourists who maybe think otherwise. I think the book illustrated this knowledge to the readers through characters and how they interact with others and live in their community.

  1. What kind of language have they used, and what emotions or values do you identify in the world choice? What images of photographs, drawings, or diagrams accompany the text, and how are they too, selected and used? 

They used language that was very understandable for all ages, so it was really easy for me to understand. It was also very easy for me to understand the language because some of the text was in pigeon and in the Hawaiian language so it was really helpful for me to understand considering I am a local girl from Hawaii.

  1. What is the context in which the book is written by whom, for what purpose, and within that framework of declared and implicit values (such as TOK and the IB)?

The book is written by a local girl from the island of Oahu, she wrote the book to tell a story and to inform people that they have a stereotypical view on Hawaii, when in reality it is very different. I think that it was really well written and nicely put because it was extremely interesting and informal about the islands.

  1. Answer: What are your thoughts about the sanctity of books and how did you arrive to your decision?

I think the sanctity on books depend on the author, but I feel that it is very important for a book to have a purpose and made to inform other people about things and such.

  1. Answer: Do books really “hold learning”?

Yes, I feel that books really do hold learning because it really does teach people certain things like how to do certain things or just simply informing them with facts and lifelong lessons. The descendants teach people that Hawaii is almost like anywhere else, there are real people, real occurrences, and real tragedies that occur.

  1. Answer: How would you rate where you get knowledge – media (various), books, teachers, family, friends, celebrities, etc.? (draw a continuum or explain)

I think it really depends on what the topic is about of what you need the information on. For example for boy problems I would go to my friends for help, but for informational studied I would go to my parents and teacher. It really all depends on the topic and the kinds of information that I need.

CRAAP test

Currency: The timeliness of the information

  • This was published in 2012 by the Brain and Heart Connection
  • Yes, just recently in this year
  • This article acquires current information, and is very up to date considering it is a medical article.
  • Yes, the links are very functional

Relevance: The importance of the information for your needs.

  • Yes, this article relates to my EE topic because I was thinking about making my topic in the science section and option.
  • The intended audience is people who are having medical problems. It is also promoting their organization.
  • The information is at an adult information rather than for children.
  • Yes, my other sources are very appropriate as well but i wanted more than one source.
  • Yes I would be very comfortable citing this source in my EE paper.

Authority: The source of the information

  • The author is Martin A. Samuels and the website is sponsored by The American Heart Association
  • Yes the author is a doctor and an expert in the field
  • Yes you can contact the author through the American cross website
  • http://circ.ahajournals.org/content/116/1/77.full the website is .org

Accuracy: The reliability, truthfulness and correctness of the content.

  • The information comes from a doctor and expert who works at the American Cross Federation
  • It has been approved from the Federation
  • Yes, I can verify most of the information from personal experience and personal knowledge
  • The language seems very legit and accurate
  • There are no spelling error or grammar mistakes

Purpose: The reason the information exists.

  • The purpose of the information is to inform people about the situation and help them with medical problems.
  • The information is facts there are no opinion or propaganda
  • Nope
  • Nope

Reflection on This I Believe Film

Please write a reflection of your This I Believe film project under your posted film on your blog. Pinpoint 1 of your beliefs featured in your film that you would like to go on your poster when we do the photo-shoots.

For my this I believe project I created a video by writing my beliefs on a paper with sharpie. I choose 30 different beliefs that were most important to me and that I follow the most. I first thought of my beliefs which surprisingly took me kind of a long time because I really wanted to pick things that I really believed in and were passionate about. Afterwards I got paper and sharpie and wrote each belief onto a paper. I really wanted to portrait my project in this way because I could write each font in a special way that relates to the belief, I also was able to draw a little, cute image that relates to the belief. Afterwards I videotaped the papers with my cell phone and shuffled through them with my beliefs so it could be easily portrayed to my audience. Towards the ending I did a little picture time lapses where I wrote this I believe where each word was on a separate paper then individually took a picture of each so there would be a cool animated picture lapses.  It really was a simple process that created a very fun and interesting video.

For the poster and photo shoot project I am debating on the belief “looks only takes you so far” and “happy people are most attractive”. I really think in now days’ society people think that being attractive can make them not have to ever work hard and allow them to get a free ride through life. In high school that might be the cases for certain people, but that will not work their whole life; one cannot just live off their looks and rely on other people forever. They will eventually have to take some responsibility and dignity in themselves to want to accomplish something on their own.  The other belief I really like is “happy people are the most attractive” I think this to be true because happy people are most confident and conferrable with themselves. They don’t want to change for other people or need to put on a fake smile. Happiness attracts other people because, people in the world want to be happy and accept themselves so when they see someone who already had they are already attracted to them; it can even be unconscious.

 

 

Belief vs. Knowledge Post

  1. Do you think we should respect the beliefs of a racist or sexist person? Provide reasons. If possible, find a recent article or video that could be used to question this (for example, the July 2011 massacre by Norwegian “racist” Anders Breivik).

I believe that we should not respect the beliefs of a racist or sexist person at all because they believe that certain people are better than others. I am a total believer that everyone is equal no matter their sex or race. I also think that God created everyone equal and people’s success depends on ones hard work and motivation. For example different sexes and a variety of races have been proven to be equally intelligent, successful, and gifted in many different ways. Although there are some people who think differently, for example the July 2011 massacre by Norwegian racist Anders Breivik occurred by a man who had anti-Muslim views so in return he massacred 76 people. To sum up these actions he is a Norwegian man who dressed up as a police officer and gunned down at least 84 people at an island. This is completely devastating to be how people can hate others so much just because of their race and gender when in reality everyone is equal and should receive the same privileges and rights as everyone else. Although no one should ever respect the beliefs of a sexist or racist person, people do have the freedom of speech and should be allowed to believe what they want regardless their unintelligence.

  1. Find some examples of beliefs (modern or throughout History) that you think are both misguided and dangerous.

One belief that I feel is misguiding and dangerous is “Practice makes perfect” Although many people believe this quote and finds it as a great motivator I have to admit that it is very misguiding and misleading. I have found this to be true though my three year in Taekwondo. There was a period of time when I would come to practice every week and go through the moves and forms I learned in class, but I didn’t actually try my best nor thrive to be better. I would just go through the moves to be done with it and to just get the work out, although I came to practice every day and participated in practice I did not improve. After realizing this I found that this quote is very misleading and misguiding because “practice does not make perfect” but “perfect practice does”. From then on I committed in trying my best and practicing correctly to become better at Taekwondo.